What is a diodes used for?

What is a diodes used for? : As rectifiers , signal limiters, voltage regulators, switches, signal modulators, signal mixers, signal demodulators, and oscillators, diodes are a versatile electrical component . The tendency of a diode to conduct electrical current in only one direction is its fundamental characteristic.
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A diode may be the simplest of all semiconductor components, however, it performs many critical functions, including the control of the flow of an electrical current. Here’s a brief overview of the humble diode and what it is commonly used for.

A diode is a device that allowscurrent to flow in one direction but not the other. This is achieved through a built-in electric field. Although the earliest diodes consisted of red-hot wires running through the middle of a metal cylinder which itself was located inside of a glass vacuum tube, modern diodes are semiconductor diodes. As the name suggests, these are made fromsemiconductor materials, primarily doped silicon.

Conducting an electric current in one direction

I–V (current vs. voltage) characteristics of a p–n junction diode.

Diodes are essential to modern electronics even though they are just basic semiconductor devices with two pins. Their most popular uses include converting AC to DC, separating signals from a supply, and combining signals. Every side of a diode is doped differently, and it has two sides. The p-side is the side with the positive charge. Negative charge is present on the n-side, which is the other side. Where these two sides meet, a structure known as the n-p junction is created by layering both of these sides together.

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When anegative charge is applied to the n-side and a positive to the p-side, electrons ‘jump’ over this junction and current flows in one direction only. This is the diode’s core property; conventional current flows from the positive side to the negative side in that direction only. At the same time, electrons flow in a single direction only from thenegative side to the positive side. This is because electrons are negatively charged and are attracted to the positive end of a battery.

What are diodes used for?

Diodes are extremely useful components and are widely used in modern technology.

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)

Perhaps the most widely known modern application fordiodes is in LEDs. These use a special kind of doping so that when an electron crosses the n-p junction, a photon is emitted, which creates light. This is because LEDs glow in the presence of a positive voltage. The type of doping can be varied so that any frequency (colour) of light can be emitted, from infrared to ultraviolet.

Power conversion

Although LEDsmay be the most widely known application to the average person, the most common application is by far the use of diodes for the rectification of AC power to DC power. Using diodes, different types of rectifier circuits can be created, the most basic of which arehalf wave, full wave centre tapped, and full bridge rectifiers. These are extremely important in electronics power supplies — for example, a laptop’s charger — where an AC current, which comes from the mains power supply, must be converted to a DC current which can then be stored.

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Over-voltage protection

Sensitive electronic devices need to be protected from surges in voltage, and the diode is perfect for this. When used as voltage protection devices, diodes are nonconducting, however, they immediately short any high-voltage spike by sending it to the ground where it cannot harm sensitiveintegrated circuits. For this use, specialized diodes known as “transient voltage suppressors” are designed. These can handle large power spikes over short time periods which would normally damage sensitive components.

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What is a diodes used for?

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